What Is The Game Of Backgammon? Basic Guide

backgammon, board game, fireside-2488089.jpg

What Is The Game of Backgammon?

Backgammon is a classic board game that’s been played for centuries around the world. Combining strategy and luck, it pits two players against each other as they move their pieces around in a race to be the first to bear off or remove, all of their pieces from the board.


The game is played on a board divided into 24 triangles called points. Each player has their own home board, which consists of 12 points, and their own outer board, which consists of 12 points. The players start with their checkers on their home boards.

To start the game, each player rolls a die. The player with the higher number goes first. The player then uses their checkers to move around the board according to the dice roll. The checkers can only move forward, and they can only move to points that are vacant or have only one of the opponent’s checkers on them.

If a player rolls a double, they can move each checker twice. If a player rolls a triple, they can move each checker thrice. The game is won by being the first player to remove all their checkers from the board or trapping the opponent’s last remaining checker on their home board so it cannot be moved.

Quick History of Backgammon

The game of backgammon dates back thousands of years, with its origins likely lying in ancient Mesopotamia or Persia. The earliest known mention of the game comes from a Roman text written by Claudius Aelianus in the 3rd century AD, which makes reference to a board game called “trictrac.”

This name is also found in a French work from the 12th century, and it is possible that trictrac was the original name for backgammon before it became known by its modern moniker. Over the centuries, backgammon has remained a popular pastime across the globe, enjoyed by people of all ages and walks of life.

In recent years, the game has experienced something of a renaissance, with a growing number of tournaments and online platforms making it easier than ever to enjoy a game of backgammon.


To play backgammon, you will need a board, two sets of 15 checkers (traditionally called men), and two dice. The board is divided into four quadrants, each with six points. The checkers are moved around the board according to the roll of the dice, and the first player to bear off all of their checkers wins the game.

If you are playing with physical boards and pieces, you will also need something to keep track of the score. This can be done with a simple piece of paper and a pencil or with special backgammon scoring beads. Some backgammon boards also have built-in scorekeepers.

Backgammon Strategy

Understand The Basic Rules & Objectives of The Game: Once you grasp the basics well, you can start thinking about strategic moves that will give you an advantage over your opponent.

Board Control: This refers to your ability to keep your pieces in key positions on the board while simultaneously preventing your opponent from doing the same. By controlling key points on the board, you can limit your opponent’s options and force them into making suboptimal moves.

Tempo: Tempo refers to the speed at which you are able to make your moves. A player with a higher tempo will typically be able to make more advantageous moves than their opponent, as they will have more time to think about their next move.


Backgammon is a great option if you’re looking for a challenging and fun game. It’s a game that can be enjoyed by people of all ages and skill levels, and it’s a great way to socialize and meet new people. You can join many online and offline backgammon clubs and tournaments, so there’s always someone to play against.

Backgammon is also a great way to improve your strategic thinking skills and learn more about probability and statistics. So if you’re looking for a fun and challenging game to play, be sure to give backgammon a try.