What Is Gate Compensation In Ski Jumping?

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Ski jumping is a thrilling and exciting sport to watch, but it can be difficult to understand the complexities of the scoring system. One important element of ski jumping is gate compensation, which is used to help skiers adjust their jumps according to the wind conditions.

In this post, I’ll look at gate compensation and how it’s applied when scoring ski jumps. 

What Is Gate Compensation? 

Gate compensation is an adjustment to the score of a ski jump depending on wind conditions at the time of the jump. As skiers travel down the ramp and take off into the air, they are exposed to wind currents that can affect their performance.

This means that if strong winds blow during a ski jump, a skier may achieve a lower score than someone who jumped in calmer conditions with less wind resistance. To help account for this, judges use gate compensation to adjust scores based on how much wind resistance each jumper faced. 

How Is It Applied? 

When judging a ski jump, judges factor in four main elements: form (how well-executed the jump was), distance (how far did the jumper travel in the air), speed (how fast did they travel down the ramp), and technique (were all required elements executed correctly). Once these elements have been considered and scored accordingly, judges add or subtract points from each element based on how much wind resistance was present at the time of the jump.

For example, if a strong headwind were present during a particular jump, then points would be subtracted from that jumper’s score since they had to fight against additional air pressure while in flight. Conversely, points would be added if there was a tailwind since they were being helped by extra air pressure while in flight.  

Reasons For Gate Compensation

Gate compensation helps ensure fairness between competitors by accounting for outside factors that could affect performance and give some athletes an unfair advantage over others.

With gate compensation applied after all other elements have been judged accordingly, each athlete’s score will accurately reflect their true level of skill rather than any external forces outside of their control. 


Gate compensation plays an important role in determining ski jumping scores by adjusting them based on existing wind conditions at any given moment during competition.

By factoring in this aspect of scoring, judges can ensure fairness between competitors and accurately reflect each athlete’s skill level without any outside interference affecting their results.