Most Common Injuries In Golf

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The Most Common Injuries In The Game Of Golf

While golf is often seen as a sedate, relaxed game, the fact is that injuries do occur on the course. But what are the most common injuries, and what is the best way to prevent them? Let’s take a look at a few.

Injury 1: Lower Back Pain

Lower back injuries are one of the most common injuries in golf. Several things, including poor swing mechanics, improper lifting techniques, and bad posture, can cause them. A few main lower back injuries can occur in golfers, including herniated discs, degenerative disc disease, and spinal stenosis.

Herniated discs happen when the gel-like center of the disc ruptures and puts pressure on the nearby nerves. This can cause pain, numbness, and weakness in the affected area. Degenerative disc disease is a condition that happens when the discs between the vertebrae start to break down. This can lead to pain, stiffness, and inflammation.

There are a few things that you can do to help prevent lower back injuries, including stretching before you play, warming up properly, using the right golf clubs, and practicing good swing mechanics. If you do experience any pain or discomfort in your lower back, it’s important to see a doctor so they can properly diagnose and treat the problem.

Injury 2: Wrist Injuries

Wrist injuries can occur when the club hits the ground, makes contact with the ball, or when the golfer swings and misses the ball. They can also occur from overuse. The most common type of wrist injury in golf is a sprain. A sprain occurs when the ligaments that connect the bones in the wrist are stretched or torn. Sprains can be mild, moderate, or severe, depending on the extent of the damage.

Mild sprains may cause only minor pain and swelling. Moderate sprains may cause more significant pain, swelling, and bruising. Severe sprains can result in complete tearing of the ligaments, which may require surgery to repair. Other less common wrist injuries include fractures and dislocations. A fracture is a break in one of the bones of the wrist, while a dislocation occurs when the bones of the wrist are forced out of alignment.

Most wrist injuries can be treated with rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE). More severe injuries may require immobilization in a splint, cast, or even surgery.

Injury 3: Knee Injuries

Golf is a sport that requires a lot of repetitive motion, which can put a strain on the knees. Many golfers experience knee pain at some point in their careers. Several different types of knee injuries can occur from golf, and they range in severity.

One of the most common golf injuries is a medial collateral ligament (MCL) sprain. This happens when the MCL, a ligament stabilizing the knee joint, is stretched or torn. MCL sprains can be caused by a direct blow to the outside of the knee or by an awkward twisting motion. Symptoms include pain and swelling on the inside of the knee joint.

Another common golf injury is patellar tendinitis, which is inflammation of the tendon that connects the kneecap to the lower leg. This condition is often caused by overuse and results in pain and stiffness around the kneecap.

Treatment will depend on the specific diagnosis but may include rest, ice, physical therapy, and/or medication. Surgery may sometimes be necessary to repair a torn ligament or tendon. Most golfers can return to the sport with proper treatment without significant difficulties.

Injury 4: Shoulder Injuries

One of the most common injuries in golf is shoulder pain. The shoulder is a ball-and-socket joint that allows a wide range of motion. However, this range of motion can also make the shoulder susceptible to injury.

The most common type of shoulder injury is rotator cuff tendinitis. This is an inflammation of the tendons around the shoulder joint. Rotator cuff tendinitis is often caused by overuse of the muscles and tendons around the shoulder.

Another type of shoulder injury that can occur in golfers is impingement syndrome. This occurs when the rotator cuff muscles and tendons become pinched between the bones in the shoulder. This can be caused by repetitive motions of the arm, such as those often used in golf.

Shoulder injuries can be treated with various methods, including rest, ice, and physical therapy. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair the damage.

Injury 5: Elbow Pain (Particularly In The Lead Arm)

Elbow injuries in golf are quite common, especially among amateur golfers. The most common type of injury is called “golfer’s elbow.” This condition results from overuse of the muscles and tendons in the forearm and elbow. It can be extremely painful and make it difficult to continue playing golf.

If you suffer from a golfer’s elbow, you must see a doctor or other medical professional to get the proper diagnosis and treatment. Treatment may include rest, ice, physical therapy, and/or medication. In some cases, surgery may be necessary.

Overuse Injuries In Golf

Golf is a sport that is often associated with injuries. This is because the repetitive nature of the swing can lead to overuse injuries. These include tendonitis, bursitis, and carpal tunnel syndrome. Tendonitis is an inflammation of the tendons, the tissues that connect muscle to bone.

Bursitis is an inflammation of the bursae, which are small sacs of fluid that cushion the joints. Carpal tunnel syndrome is when the median nerve, which runs through the carpal tunnel in the wrist, becomes compressed. This can cause pain, numbness, and tingling in the hand and fingers.

How To Prevent Injuries When Playing Golf

Warm Up Properly Before Playing: A good warm-up will help increase blood flow and flexibility, which can help reduce the risk of injury.

Use Proper Form When Swinging: Slouching or using the improper form when swinging can lead to muscle strains and other injuries.

Be Aware of Your Surroundings: Pay attention to your surroundings while you’re playing, and be sure to watch out for hazards that could cause you to trip or fall.

Stay Hydrated: Drinking plenty of fluids will help keep your muscles and joints lubricated, which can help prevent injuries.

Take Breaks as Needed: If you feel fatigued, take a break to rest and rejuvenate. Pushing yourself too hard can lead to injuries.


Overuse injuries are common in golf due to the repetitive nature of the sport. Maintaining good fitness and flexibility is important to prevent these injuries. Golfers should also warm up properly before playing. See a doctor as soon as possible if you have any pain or discomfort.