Basics Of Rugby: Beginners Guide

rugby, sport, team-4796428.jpg


Are you a fan of contact sports? If so, then you should definitely give rugby a try. This sport is fast-paced and full of action, making it one of the most exciting games.

Let’s break down the basics of the sport and learn what makes rugby such an interesting game. 

The Basics of Rugby 

Rugby is a team sport played between two teams of 15 players, with one ball and four posts at either end. The aim is to score points by touching down in or across your opponent’s goal line. You can also score points by kicking the ball through the posts at either end for a conversion, penalty kick, or drop goal.

To move the ball forward, players can either pass it back or run with it in their hands until tackled (when two opposing players bind together). There are no offside rules in rugby, meaning that all 15 players may be involved in the attack at any time. The team with the most points at the end wins.

How Long Are Rugby Matches?

The games last 80 minutes and are divided into two halves of 40 minutes each, with a 10-minute half-time break in between. In competitive matches, two referees (one on each side) usually enforce the rules and award penalties when necessary.

The referee also determines when tries have been scored and awards conversions (similar to extra points) when they occur. There are also touch judges who assist with offside calls and other decisions that may arise during play.  

History of Rugby 

The game of rugby is thought to have originated in England in the early 19th century when a schoolboy named William Webb Ellis picked up a soccer ball and ran with it during a match. The idea of running with the ball caught on, and soon after, rules were codified and established for what was called “rugby football” or simply “rugby.”

Since then, rugby has become a popular sport around the world, especially in countries such as New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, France, Wales, and England. 

Rules and Regulations 

Rugby has some strict rules that must be followed to ensure safety and fairness. For instance, ‘rucking’ (where two players bind together while trying to gain possession) is not allowed as this could lead to serious injury; ‘mauling’ (where three or more players push against each other) is used instead.

Another rule states that when tackling an opponent, they must be brought to the ground before they can be legally taken out of play; this helps prevent head injuries that can occur without bringing an opponent to the ground first. There are also restrictions on contact with the head during tackles and rucks, which have been implemented for added safety measures. 

Coaching Tips For Rugby

Proper Warm-Ups: They prevent injuries and prepare the body for the sport’s physical demands. Coaches should have their players do various exercises that target all the major muscle groups.

Strength Training: They need to be strong to withstand the hits from opponents and maintain their balance when tackling. Exercises such as squats and lunges can help build lower-body strength, while upper-body exercises like push-ups and pull-ups will help develop the muscles needed for tackling and scrummaging.

Endurance: Players need to be able to run long distances and maintain their energy levels throughout a match. Interval training can help improve a player’s endurance by teaching them how to effectively manage their energy levels during bursts of activity followed by rest periods.

Proper Nutrition: They need to eat foods that will give them the energy they need to perform at their best. A diet rich in lean protein, complex carbohydrates, and healthy fats will help players maintain their strength and endurance throughout a match.

Mental Toughness: The game can be very physical and demanding, so players need to be able to keep their composure under pressure. Coaches can help their players develop mental toughness by having them visualize themselves succeeding in various situations on the field.


Rugby is an exciting sport that combines elements from both football and basketball into one fast-paced game full of action. It has strict rules and regulations that must be followed to keep everyone safe and fair during playtime, but these also add an extra layer of challenge for competitors who want to test their skills against one another.